p>Covers the development of battery technology over the years. Focuses on applications of emerging technology. Topics include, but are not limited to, battery construction, cell characteristics, electric data, energy density, capacity retention, and cycle life of batteries. Also includes fundamental formulations and design aspects in secondary batteries used in electric propulsion. Provides overview of battery technology including acid, nickel metal hydride, and lithium ion cells with their applications for use in hybrid and electric vehicles. Discusses how to evaluate storage battery technologies, simple voltaic cells with aqueous electrolytes, primary non-rechargeable batteries, and secondary rechargeable batteries. Course work examines developments in stationary and new propulsion systems for hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and electric vehicles.