ART-227: History of Arab Art and Architecture

School
Liberal Arts
Department
Art (art History)
Academic Level
Undergraduate
Course Subject
Art
Course Number
227
Course Title
History of Arab Art and Architecture
Credit Hours
3.00
Instructor Contact Hours Per Semester
47.00 (for 15-week classes)
Student Contact Hours Per Semester
47.00 (for 15-week classes)
Grading Method
A-E
Pre-requisites
ENG-081 eligible
Catalog Course Description

Presents an overview of the art, architecture, culture, and history of the Arab world. Discusses the history and development of Arab visual art and architecture from around 1000 BCE to the present time. Explains the relationship between the artistic forms of Arab art with different religious and political factors as well as the impact of different cultures on the identity of Arab art. A field trip to a major museum is required.

Goals, Topics, and Objectives

Goal Statement

To develop understanding and appreciation for Arab art and architecture as an important cultural trend interacted with other major cultural forces throughout the different periods in the Middle Eass; to explore and comprehend the relationship between the artistic forms of Arab art and architectural structures in relation to the different religious and political factors as well as the impact of different culture on the identity of Arab art.

Core Course Topics
  1. The Early Period.
    • Introduction to The Early Period: (400 BCE-400 CE).
      • The emergence of the Nabataeans in Palmyra and Petra.
      • The Art of the Early Arabian Mini States such as Petra, Palmyra, Hatra, Kinda, and Hira will be studied on the backdrop of the two dominant contemporary empires: The Roman and the Sassanian.
      • Samples of early Jewish Arab art from al-Salhiyyah (Dura Europos) in Syria.
  2. The Middle Period.
    • 400-700: The formation of indigenous Arab art forms in South Arabia, North West the Arabian Peninsula, and the early Christian Arab art in Syria, Jordan, Iraq and Egypt. Samples of Coptic, Nestorian, Syriac, and other Eastern Christian traditions will be examined.
  3. The Islamic Period.
    • 622-1258: Traditional Islamic art history to the fall of Baghdad to the Mongol in 1258.
    • Main Islamic artistic periods will be covered: Ummayads, Abassides, Fatimites. Major monuments and architectural structures will be examined from the different parts of the Islamic world.
    • Arabs in Europe (700- 1500): The exchange and impact of Arab art on Europe and vice versa through the presence of Arabs in Sicily, southern Italy and Spain, and through the contact caused by the Crusades.
    • Islamic (1258-1914): The Mongol domination followed by the Safavids and the Ottomans. Arab culture was subject to various cultural impacts from Anatolia, Iran, and central Asia represented by the art of the Saljuqs, Mamluks, Ilkhanites, Timurites, Safavids, and Ottomans.
  4. The Modern Era.
    • Colonialism and Post colonialism
    • The European colonization of the Arab world, the establishment of “Modern Arab Art” on the European prototype, the struggle of Arab traditional art against European Modern art and the crisis of Arab Art Identity.
  5. Contemporary Arab Art.
    • The Renaissance of Classical Arabic Heritage in Contemporary Arab Art and Architecture
    • The modern trend in investigating and utilizing classical Arab heritage as a cultural stimulus and visual source of modern aesthetics.
    • Special coverage to the experience of Arab American contemporary art will also be covered in this phase.
Core Course Learning Objectives (Separated)
  • Define and memorize the architectural monuments and their functional forms among the Arabs in various periods.
  • Describe and explain the symbolism and function of different architectural structures in relation to the religious, ritualistic, and social trends during the various phases of Arab history.
  • Assess and compare the different artistic trends, styles, techniques, and mediums of the various forms of visual arts.
  • Recognize and classify the artistic/cultural identity of each specific period and its ramification on the aesthetics of the Arab society in the given region-period.
  • Evaluate the iconography of different visual art forms in relation to the religious and ritualistic trends during the various phases of Arab history.*
  • Categorize and differentiate the iconography and context of the various architectural monuments and their decoration in this field.
  • Interpret how Arab art and architecture developed through chronological and geographical boundaries.
  • Evaluate the exchange, interaction, impact, and influence of the different cultures on Arab art and aesthetics through the political and cultural contacts.

Assessment and Requirements

Assessment of Academic Achievement
1.The instructor will identify and implement appropriate methods to assess the achievement of the learning objectives for the course. These methods may include objective and essay examinations, as well as out-of-class papers, Internet assignments, and library/museum projects. 2. There will be a weekly reading assignment assessed by in class discussion and participation. 3. Students will write one long critical research paper for the course along with 2-3 short essay papers on specific topics from the materials of the course. 4. Each student will develop a presentation based on the research paper and he /she will present it to the class during the last week of the course. 5. The class will visit the Detroit Institute of Art and tour certain sections related to the coverage of the course and each student will produce a written research on a selected piece from the museum collection.
General Course Requirements and Recommendations
1.Students will write one long critical research paper for the course along with 2-3 short essay papers on specific topics from the materials of the course. 2. Each student will develop a presentation based on the research paper and present it to the class during the last week of the course. 3. There will be a weekly reading assignment assessed by in class discussion and participation. 4. The whole class will visit the Detroit Institute of Art and tour certain sections related to the Arab art materials. The DIA visit is mandatory, and students will meet at the museum on a prearranged day and time.  Students may conduct special research project at different museums that has Arab art materials in Detroit or at a similar institution in the country or abroad.
Texts

The text will be formed as a course pack from different appropriate academic materials.

Credit for Prior College-Level Learning

Options for Credit for Prior College-Level Learning
Other
Other Details

Determined by department.

Approval Dates

Effective Term
Winter 2015
ILT Approval Date
01/07/2015
Curriculum Committee Approval Date
02/05/2015