BIO-233: Anatomy and Physiology I

Science, Technology, Engineering & Math
Academic Level
Course Subject
Course Number
Course Title
Anatomy and Physiology I
Credit Hours
Instructor Contact Hours Per Semester
77.00 (for 15-week classes)
Student Contact Hours Per Semester
77.00 (for 15-week classes)
Grading Method
BIO-131 or BIO-134 or BIO 135 or BIO-150 or BIO-152 with a grade of C or better. ENG-131 eligible.
Catalog Course Description

Covers the principles and underlying concepts of chemistry, cell biology, histology, articulations, bones, muscles, and the nervous system. Labs reinforce these lecture units. BIO-233 and BIO-234 are a two-semester sequence designed for the student who plans to pursue a career in a health field. Three hours of lecture and two hours of lab per week.

Goals, Topics, and Objectives

Core Course Topics
  1. Introduction to the human body
    • Anatomy and physiology overview
    • Overall levels of organization
    • Body cavities
    • Directional terms
    • Homeostasis
    • Stress
    • Basic terminology
  2. Chemical level of organization
    • Atoms
    • Molecules and bonds
    • Chemical reactions
    • Inorganic compounds
    • pH
    • Organic compounds
  3. Cellular level of organization and metabolism
    • Structures and functions of a cell
    • Membrane mechanisms
    • Cytoplasm
    • pH
    • Osmosis
    • Nucleus
    • Protein synthesis
    • DNA
    • RNA
    • Mitochondrial metabolism
    • Aging
  4. Histology (tissues)
    • Overall functions
    • Types
    • Epithelium
    • Connective tissues
    • Membranes
    • Muscle tissue
    • Neural tissue
    • Tissue injuries
    • Aging
  5. Skin (Integumentary system)
    • Layers: epidermis, dermis and subcutaneous
    • Accessory structures
    • Functions
    • Endocrine and nervous controls
    • Aging
    • Integration with other systems
  6. Skeletal tissue (osteology)
    • Structure and functions
    • Histology
    • Development and growth
    • Replacement, repair, and integration with other systems
  7. Joints (articulations)
    • Classification system
    • Form and function (interrelationships)
    • Aging
    • Diseases and disorders
  8. Muscle tissue (myology)
    • Anatomy (micro and macro)
    • Types of muscle tissue
    • Contraction physiology
    • Muscle mechanics
    • Exercise
    • Aging
    • Integration with other systems
  9. Nerve tissue (neurology)
    • Types
    • Structures
    • Overall functions
    • Neuroglia
    • Physiology mechanisms
    • Synapse
    • Medications
    • Disorders
    • Aging
    • Levels of neural organization
  10. Brain
    • Organization
    • Regions
    • Ventricles
    • Meninges (protection and support)
    • Cerebrum
    • Limbic system
    • Mesencephalon
    • Cerebellum
    • Pons
    • Medulla
    • Higher level integration
  11. Cranial nerves
    • Structure
    • Location
    • Functions
  12. Somatic sensory and motor pathways
    • Overall organization
    • Functions
    • Interrelationships
    • Higher order functions
    • Brain chemistry and behavior
    • Aging
  13. Autonomic nervous system and higher order functions
    • Divisions and organization (anatomy)
      • Sympathetic division
      • Parasympathetic division
      • Somatic division
    • Interactions, integration and controls
    • Aging
Core Course Learning Objectives (Separated)

Upon successful completion of this course, students should be able to:

  • Describe how form influences function.
  • Define roots, prefixes and suffixes of the medical terminology encountered to aid the understanding of new vocabulary.
  • Demonstrate a knowledge of fundamental anatomical and physiological processes and facts.
  • Relate and apply the concept of pH and osmosis to all relevant systems and topics.
  • Identify the major organs of each system and describe their primary functions.
  • Identify the negative feedback mechanisms of each major system and how they interrelate.
  • Summarize the process of protein synthesis and its relevance to human physiology.
  • Distinguish between the levels of organization in each system and how they interrelate.
  • Demonstrate the ability to interpret and understand graphs and charts.

Assessment and Requirements

Assessment of Academic Achievement

Student assessment is built into the course objectives. Objectives were written using terms that allow their achievement to be measured. Students will be assessed on:

  • Specified lab skills to determine if they have achieved the level of proficiency designated. See previous Course Objectives section.
  • Occasional lab quizzes based on readings.
  • Lab materials learned will be assessed on lab practicals.
  • Lecture materials learned will be assessed on combinations of objective questions and other question formats.
  • Professional behavior and attitude.
  • Answers to questions posed by instructor in lecture and/or lab.


General Education Categories
  • Natural Sciences
Institutional Outcomes
  • Scientific Reasoning
MTA Categories
  • Category 6.1: Natural Sciences
  • Category 6.2: Natural Sciences with Laboratory Experience
Satisfies Wellness Requirement

Approval Dates

Effective Term
Fall 2021
ILT Approval Date
AALC Approval Date
Curriculum Committee Approval Date