BIO-234: Anatomy and Physiology II

Science, Technology, Engineering and Math
Biological Science
Academic Level
Course Subject
Course Number
Course Title
Anatomy and Physiology II
Credit Hours
Instructor Contact Hours Per Semester
77.00 (for 15-week classes)
Student Contact Hours Per Semester
77.00 (for 15-week classes)
Grading Method
BIO-233 with a C grade or better.
Catalog Course Description

Covers special senses, endocrine, circulatory, lymphatic, immunity, respiratory and digestive systems, metabolism and energetics, urinary system, fluid, electrolyte and acid/base balance, and the reproductive system. Labs are sequenced with lecture and reinforce the lecture content. BIO-233 and BIO-234 are a two semester sequence designed for the student who plans to pursue a career in a health field. Three hours of lecture and two hours of lab per week.

Goals, Topics, and Objectives

Core Course Topics
  1. Special senses (eye, ear, taste and smell)
    • Receptors and receptor function
    • olfaction
    • gustation
    • vision
    • equilibrium
    • hearing
  2. Endocrine system
    • principles and mechanisms
    • endocrine glands
    • hormonal interaction
    • integration with other systems
  3. Hematology
    • functions of blood
    • composition
    • plasma
    • formed elements
    • hemostasis
  4. Cardiology
    • heart anatomy
    • heart beat
    • cardiodynamics
    • cardiovascular system
  5. Cardiovascular system
    • physiology of cardiovascular system
    • blood vessels
    • blood pressure
  6. Lymphatic system and immunity
    • organization
    • body defenses (specific and non-specific)
    • the immune response
    • development of resistance
    • stress
    • aging
    • integration with other systems
  7. Respiratory system
    • structure and functions
    • upper vs. lower
    • lungs
    • pleural cavities and pleural membranes
    • physiology
    • controls
    • acid-base balance
    • birth and aging
    • integration with other systems
  8. Digestive system
    • structure and functions
    • esophagus
    • stomach
    • small intestine
    • large intestine
    • digestion and absorption
    • aging
    • integration with other systems
  9. Metabolism and nutrition
    • overview
    • carbohydrate
    • protein and lipid metabolism
    • diet and nutrition
    • bioenergetics
    • aging
  10. Urinary system
    • structures and functions
    • physiology of urine production
    • acid-base regulation
    • urine transport
    • storage and elimination
    • aging
    • integration with other systems.
  11. Fluid, electrolyte and acid-base balance
    • overall concepts
    • acid-base balance mechanisms (respiratory and urinary systems)
    • electrolyte basics
    • disturbances of acid-base balance
    • aging
    • integration with other systems.
  12. Reproductive systems
    • overview
    • male reproductive system
    • female reproductive system
    • menstrual cycle
    • aging
    • pregnancy
    • integration with other systems
Core Course Learning Objectives (Separated)

Upon successful completion of this course, students should be able to:

  • Describe how form influences function.
  • Define roots, prefixes and suffixes of the medical terminology encountered to aid the understanding of new vocabulary.
  • Demonstrate a knowledge of fundamental anatomical and physiological processes and facts.
  • Relate and apply the concept of pH and osmosis to all relevant systems and topics.
  • Identify the major organs of each system and describe their primary functions.
  • Identify the negative feedback mechanisms of each major system and how they interrelate.
  • Summarize the process of protein synthesis and its relevance to human physiology.
  • Distinguish between the levels of organization in each system and how they interrelate.
  • Demonstrate the ability to interpret and understand graphs and charts.

Assessment and Requirements

Assessment of Academic Achievement

Student assessment is built into the course objectives. Objectives were written using terms that allow their achievement to be measured. Students will be assessed on:

  • Specified lab skills to determine if they have achieved the level of proficiency designated. See previous Course Objectives section.
  • Occasional lab quizzes based on readings.
  • Lab materials learned will be assessed on lab practicals.
  • Lecture materials learned will be assessed on combinations of objective questions and other question formats.
  • Professional behavior and attitude.
  • Answer questions posed by instructor in lecture and/or lab.


General Education Categories
  • Natural Sciences
Institutional Outcomes
  • Scientific Reasoning
MTA Categories
  • Category 6: Natural Sciences (Lecture and Lab)
Satisfies Wellness Requirement
Effective Term
Fall 2020