BIO-234: Anatomy and Physiology II

Effective Term
Fall 2019
Science, Technology, Engineering & Math
Academic Level
Course Subject
Course Number
Course Title
Anatomy and Physiology II
Credit Hours
Instructor Contact Hours Per Semester
77.00 (for 15-week classes)
Student Contact Hours Per Semester
77.00 (for 15-week classes)
Grading Method
BIO-233 with a C grade or better.
Catalog Course Description

Covers special senses, endocrine, circulatory, lymphatic, immunity, respiratory and digestive systems, metabolism and energetics, urinary system, fluid, electrolyte and acid/base balance, and the reproductive system. Labs are sequenced with lecture and reinforce the lecture content. BIO-233 and BIO-234 are a two semester sequence designed for the student who plans to pursue a career in a health field. Three hours of lecture and two hours of lab per week.

Goals, Topics, and Objectives

Core Course Topics

Upon successful completion of this course, students should be able to:

  1. Special senses (eye, ear, taste and smell)
    • Receptors and receptor function
    • olfaction
    • gustation
    • vision
    • equilibrium
    • hearing
  2. Endocrine system
    • principles and mechanisms
    • endocrine glands
    • hormonal interaction
    • integration with other systems
  3. Hematology
    • functions of blood
    • composition
    • plasma
    • formed elements
    • hemostasis
  4. Cardiology
    • heart anatomy
    • heart beat
    • cardiodynamics
    • cardiovascular system
  5. Cardiovascular system
    • physiology of cardiovascular system
    • blood vessels
    • blood pressure
  6. Lymphatic system and immunity
    • organization
    • body defenses (specific and non-specific)
    • the immune response
    • development of resistance
    • stress
    • aging
    • integration with other systems
  7. Respiratory system
    • structure and functions
    • upper vs. lower
    • lungs
    • pleural cavities and pleural membranes
    • physiology
    • controls
    • acid-base balance
    • birth and aging
    • integration with other systems
  8. Digestive system
    • structure and functions
    • esophagus
    • stomach
    • small intestine
    • large intestine
    • digestion and absorption
    • aging
    • integration with other systems
  9. Metabolism and nutrition
    • overview
    • carbohydrate
    • protein and lipid metabolism
    • diet and nutrition
    • bioenergetics
    • aging
  10. Urinary system
    • structures and functions
    • physiology of urine production
    • acid-base regulation
    • urine transport
    • storage and elimination
    • aging
    • integration with other systems.
  11. Fluid, electrolyte and acid-base balance
    • overall concepts
    • acid-base balance mechanisms (respiratory and urinary systems)
    • electrolyte basics
    • disturbances of acid-base balance
    • aging
    • integration with other systems.
  12. Reproductive systems
    • overview
    • male reproductive system
    • female reproductive system
    • menstrual cycle
    • aging
    • pregnancy
    • integration with other systems
Core Course Learning Objectives (Separated)

Upon successful completion of this course, students should be able to:

  1. Demonstrate a familiarity with the Internet as it relates to biology.
  2. Define roots, prefixes and suffixes of medical terminology encountered or used so the student can bring meanings to new or unfamiliar words.
  3. List selected anatomical and physiological information as listed in the unit or chapter objectives. See the lecture schedule for the list of chapter titles.
  4. Explain selected physiological processes and facts as discussed in class and in the assigned readings from the textbook. See the lecture schedule for the list of lecture topics.
  5. Relate and apply the concept of pH and osmosis to all systems studied.
  6. Identify the major organs of each system and describe their primary functions.
  7. Identify the negative feedback systems of each major system and how they interrelate.
  8. Summarize the process of protein synthesis and its relevance within each system.
  9. Distinguish between a cell, tissue, organ, and system.
  10. Relate how anatomy in certain cases relates to the physiology of the organ.
  11. Develop and demonstrate the ability to read data graphs and understand their basics.
  12. Construct and use a concept map or flow chart in the learning of various physiological processes.
  13. Demonstrate professional behavior and attitude.

Assessment and Requirements

Assessment of Academic Achievement

Student assessment is built into the course objectives. Objectives were written using terms that allow their achievement to be measured. Students will be assessed on:

  • Specified lab skills to determine if they have achieved the level of proficiency designated. See previous Course Objectives section.
  • Occasional lab quizzes based on readings.
  • Lab materials learned will be assessed on lab practicals.
  • Lecture materials learned will be assessed on combinations of objective questions and other question formats.
  • Professional behavior and attitude.
  • Answer questions posed by instructor in lecture and/or lab.

Approval Dates

ILT Approval Date
AALC Approval Date
Curriculum Committee Approval Date