BIO-234: Anatomy and Physiology II

Science, Technology, Engineering & Math
Academic Level
Course Subject
Course Number
Course Title
Anatomy and Physiology II
Credit Hours
Instructor Contact Hours Per Semester
77.00 (for 15-week classes)
Student Contact Hours Per Semester
77.00 (for 15-week classes)
Grading Method
BIO-233, with a C grade or better, or the equivalent
Catalog Course Description

Covers special senses, endocrine, circulatory, lymphatic, immunity, respiratory and digestive systems, metabolism and energetics, urinary system, fluid, electrolyte and acid/base balance, and the reproductive system. Labs are sequenced with lecture and reinforce the lecture content. Three hours of lecture and two hours of lab per week.

Goals, Topics, and Objectives

Core Course Topics

Upon successful completion of this course, students should be able to:

  1. Special senses (eye ear, taste and smell)

    receptors and receptor function, olfaction, gustation, vision, equilibrium and hearing

  2. Endocrine system

    principles and mechanisms, endocrine glands, hormonal interaction, integration with other systems

  3. Hematology

    functions of blood, composition, plasma, formed elements, hemostasis

  4. Cardiology (Heart)

    anatomy, heart beat, cardiodynamics, cardiovascular system

  5. Cardiovascular system

    physiology of cardiovascular system, including blood vessels and blood pressure

  6. Lymphatic system and immunity

    organization, body defenses (specific and non-specific), the immune response, development of resistance, stress, aging, integration with other systems.

  7. Respiratory system

    structure, functions, upper vs. lower, lungs, pleural cavities and pleural membranes, physiology, controls, acid-base balance, birth and aging, integration with other systems

  8. Digestive system

    structure and functions, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, digestion and absorption, aging, integration with other systems

  9. Metabolism and nutrition

    overview; carbohydrate, protein and lipid metabolism; diet and nutrition; bioenergetics; aging

  10. Urinary system

    structures and functions, physiology of urine production, acid-base regulation, urine transport, storage and elimination, aging and integration with other systems.

  11. Fluid, Electrolyte and Acid-Base Balance

    overall concepts, acid-base balance mechanisms (respiratory and urinary systems), electrolyte basics, and disturbances of acid-base balance, aging, and integration with other systems.

  12. Reproductive systems

    overview, male reproductive system, female reproductive system, menstrual cycle, aging, pregnancy, integration with other systems

Core Course Learning Objectives (Separated)
  1. Demonstrate a familiarity with the Internet as it relates to Biology.
  2. Define roots, prefixes and suffixes of medical terminology encountered or used so the student can bring meanings to new or unfamiliar words.
  3. List selected anatomical and physiological information as listed in the unit or chapter objectives.  See the lecture schedule for the list of chapter titles.
  4. Explain selected physiological processes and facts as discussed in class and in the assigned readings from the textbook.  See the lecture schedule for the list of lecture topics.
  5. Relate and apply the concept of pH and osmosis to all systems studied.*
  6. Identify the major organs of each system and describe their primary functions.
  7. Identify the negative feedback systems of each major system and how they interrelate.*
  8. Summarize the process of protein synthesis and its relevance within each system.
  9. Distinguish between a cell, tissue, organ, and system.
  10. Relate how anatomy in certain cases relates to the physiology of the organ.*
  11. Develop and demonstrate the ability to read data graphs and understand their basics.*
  12. Construct and use a concept map or flow chart in the learning of various physiological processes.*
  13. Demonstrate professional behavior and attitude.

Assessment and Requirements

Assessment of Academic Achievement

Student assessment is built into the course objectives.  Objectives were written using terms that allow their achievement to be measured.  Students will be assessed on:

  • Specified lab skills to determine if they have achieved the level of proficiency designated.  See previous Course Objectives section.
  • Occasional lab quizzes based on readings.
  • Lab materials learned will be assessed on lab practicals.
  • Lecture materials learned will be assessed on combinations of objective questions and other question formats.
  • Professional behavior and attitude.
  • Answer questions posed by instructor in lecture and/or lab.

Effective and Approval Dates

Effective Term
Fall 2018
ILT Approval Date
AALC Approval Date
Curriculum Committee Approval Date