Builds on the concepts introduced in PHYS-131. Topics include electricity, magnetism, light, and modern physics. Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory per week.

### Goals, Topics, and Objectives

The goal of this course is to provide students in pre-professional programs experience with scientific thinking through working with the physical principles covered in the course.

- Electric Charge
- Coulomb's Law
- Electric Fields
- Electric Potential
- Capacitance
- Current and Resistance
- Circuits
- Electrical Measurement Instruments
- Magnetic Fields
- Magnetic Forces
- Ampere's Law
- Faraday's Law
- Lenz's Law
- Induction
- Transformers
- Optics
- Image Formation
- Polarization
- Interference
- Diffraction

- Modern Physics
- The Atom
- Nuclear Physics

Upon successful completion of this course, students should be able to:

- Explain the concept of electric charge.
- Apply Coulomb's Law to determine the forces on charged particles.
- Describe the motion of charged particles using the appropriate kinematic equations.
- Analyze electric field line diagrams.
- Describe the motion of charged particles in electric fields.
- Explain the difference between conductive materials and insulative materials.
- Determine the electric potential due to point charges.
- Determine the capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor.
- Explain how a capacitor is able to store charge and electrical energy.
- Explain the concept of electrical current and describe the motion of charge carriers in electrical circuits.
- Determine the current through and the voltage drop across resistors in a circuit.
- Categorize a circuit as either a series circuit, a parallel circuit or a combination circuit.
- Determine the equivalent resistance of series circuits and parallel circuits.
- Demonstrate the correct and appropriate use of the digital multi-meter.
- Explain the function of an
*emf*source in electric circuits. - Explain the difference between electric fields and magnetic fields.
- Describe the magnetic field in and near permanent magnets.
- Analyze magnetic field line diagrams to determine the magnetic field vector anywhere in space.
- Determine the magnetic fields near current carrying wires and current carrying loops.
- Determine the forces on charged particles moving in magnetic fields.
- Apply Ampere's Law to determine the magnetic field near symmetric distribution of current carrying wires.
- Explain the concept of Electric Flux and Magnetic Flux.
- Explain the concept of induced
*emf*and induced current. - Apply Faraday's Law to determine the induced
*emf*and current in conductive loops. - Explain Lenz's Law and how it manifests in the equation describing Faraday's Law.
- Explain how motors and generators work.
- Explain how transformers work.
- Determine the voltage and current in the secondary coil of a transformer based on the geometry of the transformer.
- Categorize mirrors as either flat, concave or convex.
- Categorize lenses as either converging or diverging.
- Apply ray-tracing rules to determine the location, orientation and magnification of images produced by mirrors and lenses.
- Determine the location, orientation and magnification of images using the thin-lens formula.
- Explain how light waves interfere with one another.
- Explain the difference between polarized light and un-polarized light.
- Determine the intensity of light that has passed through a combination of polarizers.
- Explain how diffraction patterns are produced from single and double-slit configurations.
- Determine the location of fringes produced in a diffraction pattern.
- Describe the two postulates of Relativity.
- Apply the equations of time dilation and length contraction to determine given characteristics of objects moving near the speed of light.
- Explain the concept of 'Wave-Particle Duality'.
- Define the term 'Blackbody Radiation'.
- Determine the energy of a photon of given wavelength and/or frequency.
- Explain how line spectra are produced.
- Determine the Lyman, Balmer and Paschen series for simple atoms (hydrogen, helium, lithium).
- Describe the 'Bohr Model' of the atom.
- Describe the Quantum Mechanical picture of the atom.
- Explain the difference between Protons, Neutrons and Electrons.
- Describe the basic structure of an atom.
- Determine the Binding Energy of a given nucleus.
- Explain how the atomic nucleus is held together (Strong Force).
- Describe the process and products of radioactive decay.
- Explain how radioactive decay is used to determine the age of archeological and geological samples.<
- Predict the outcome of an experiment.
- Analyze experimental data using graphs and/or calculations.
- Predict the outcome of a related experiment using data from an experiment already performed.

**Meeting MACRAO requirements:** Course transfers as an equivalent to similar courses at Eastern Michigan, UM-Dearborn, Lawrence Tech, Wayne State and other colleges and universities.

### Assessment and Requirements

Student learning will be assessed through classroom examinations including a cumulative final exam. Students will submit a written lab report for each experiment performed. The lab report will be used to determine if the student followed instructions, collected the data correctly, analyzed the data, and was able to draw the correct conclusions from the analysis. Problem solving skills will be evaluated using assigned problems turned in by hand or using an online homework site and on the class exams. Conceptual understanding will be evaluated through classroom discussions and on the class exams.